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A JUDGMENT ON HISTORY—THE WAR        13

threat that nothing shall be left of himself, of
his personal and intimate life, no freedom for
his spiritual life or his creative thought. He is
submerged in huge collectives, subject to non-
human commandments. It is demanded of man
that he give himself up without reserve, to
society, the state, the race, the class, the nation.

In this connection the world war and the
revolutionary processes which have followed it
have a metaphysical significance for the fate of
man. The very fundamentals of human existence
are being shaken. The war was a revelation
of the evil, the hatred and jealousy which had
been accumulating in mankind: it objectivized
the evil which had previously remained hidden,
if the expression is permissible, subjective rather
than objective. The war revealed the personality
of our civilization. It mobilized action, but
evil action, rather than good. " Everything for
the war/' The war was its own sort of com-
munism, of fascism. It cheapened human life, it
taught man to take no thought for human life
and personality, to consider them as means and
instruments in the hands of the fatality of history.
And since the war, humanity remains mobilizeck
it continues to do its military service, it is plunged
to the depths in external things: society, the
state, nationality, class. Man is made part of
the objective world, and is no longer permittee!